Geographic Range. Southern cassowaries are found in New Guinea, Cape York, Ceram and Aru Islands. (“Cassowaries”, ; “Ostriches and their Relatives. In the past, eight races (casuarius, tricarunculatus, bistriatus, lateralis, sclaterii, johnsonii, aruensis and bicarunculatus) or more were commonly recognized;. Learn more about the Southern cassowary – with amazing Southern cassowary videos, photos and facts on Arkive.

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Retrieved from ” https: The Animal Diversity Web is an educational resource written largely by and for college students. Juveniles are brown instead of black and have smaller casques. Casuariiformes cassowaries and emus.

Species Profile and Threats Database

Cassowaries feed on the fruit of several hundred rainforest species and usually pass viable seeds in large dense scats. The sexes are similar in appearance, although females tend to be larger and heavier. The male will crouch upon the ground and the female will either step on the male’s back for a moment before crouching beside him in preparation for copulation or casuadius may attack.

Egg at Museum Wiesbaden. Australian Biological Resources Study. The bird kicked the younger boy, who fell and ran away as his older brother struck the bird. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Archived from the original on Commonwealth of Australia In New Guinea, cassowaries are important food sources for some communities and are heavily hunted as a result 5.

Chicks are striped casuzrius and cream, fading to brown after around five months. Julian—Gregorian uncertainty Commons category link is locally defined Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from the Encyclopedia Americana with a Wikisource reference.

ADW: Casuarius casuarius: INFORMATION

The southern cassowary is distributed in IndonesiaNew Guinea and northeastern Australia. This page was last edited on 21 Novemberat Threat abatement plan for predation, habitat degradation, competition and disease transmission by feral pigs Sus scrofa Commonwealth of Australia, c [Legislative Instrument] as Casuarius casuarius johnsonii.


They destroy nests and eggs but their worst effect is as competitors for food, which could be catastrophic for the cassowaries during lean times. Southern Cassowary Casuarius casuarius. Rodents of Unusual Size. These birds are important dispersers of a number of rainforest seeds, ranging far in search of fruiting trees 4. The southern cassowary of the far north Queensland rain forests is not well studied, and the northern and dwarf cassowaries even less so.

There are three extant species. Food and feeding Mainly fallen fruit, especially those of families Lauraceae, Myrtaceae, Elaeocarpaceae and palms Arecaceae ; also some fungi, Young cassowaries are brown and have casuaruis stripes.

Other suggested functions include being used to batter through underbrush, as a weapon in dominance disputes, or for pushing aside leaf litter during foraging.

They are often kept as pets in native villages [in New Guinea], where casusrius are permitted to roam like barnyard fowl. September list as Casuarius casuarius johnsonii southern population.

Retrieved 20 March In southern cassowaries were voted by the Guinness Book of World Records as the worlds most dangerous bird for these reasons. The casuarijs included only one human death.

Smithsonian National Zoological Park. The Reconstruction of Fragmented Ecosystems. The northern cassowary is about the same size on average and is perhaps very mildly less sexually dimorphic than the southern.

Department of the Environment It forages on the forest floor for fallen fruit and is capable of safely digesting some fruits toxic to other animals. Fruit from at least 26 plant families has been documented in the diet of cassowaries. This is an indicative distribution map of the present distribution of the species based on best available knowledge. Cassowaries are a keystone casuraius of rain forests because they eat fallen fruit whole and distribute seeds across the jungle floor via excrement.


Declaration under s, s, and s of the Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Caskarius – List of threatened species, List of threatened ecological communities and List of threatening processes Commonwealth fasuarius Australia, [Legislative Instrument] as Casuarius casuarius johnsonii. The seeds are often still viable after passing through the digestive system of cassowaries.

Native distribution of the southern cassowary. While reasonable efforts have been made to ensure the accuracy of the information, no guarantee is given, nor responsibility taken, by the Commonwealth for its accuracy, currency or completeness.

Descriptive notes — cm; male 29—34 kg, female 58 kg. Dwarf cassowary or Bennett’s cassowary. In a study of the effects of seed dispersal by cassowaries, the seeds from 78 species of plants were found and 70 of these species’ seeds were able to germinate after being passed through the cassowaries. Southern cassowaries are very good swimmers and are also good jumpers. Cassowaries are solitary birds except during courtship, egg-laying, and sometimes around ample food supplies.

Once the chicks hatch they stay with their father until they become independent at about nine months. Login or Subscribe to get access to a lot of extra features!

Cassowary populations and their conservation between the Daintree River and Cape Tribulation.